Physics 601: Graduate Solid State Physics I







Fall 2016
Wednesdays  10:20 - 11:40 a.m.
Fridays       3:20 - 4:40 p.m.
ARC 203

Course Instructor:  Prof.  Premi Chandra                                       
Email:  pchandra@physics.rutgers.edu                                             
                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  


Overview:   In this graduate course we'll study the physics of electrons in solids with a focus on electron transport.  We'll begin with pre-quantum solid state physics and then will discuss free electron theory.  Next we'll  characterize the properties of static (crystal structure) and dynamic (lattice vibrations) arrangements of atoms using scattering methods.   We'll then study electrons in solids and will identify key features distinguishing metals, insulators and semiconductors.   Electron transport in solids will then be discussed in more detail. Next we will discuss semiconductor devices before then turning to an exotic semiconductor of current interest, graphene.  Our subsequent topic will be superconductors, metals that display dissipation-free conduction but are not perfect conductors but rather perfect diamagnets.  We'll study their thermodynamics and then the Ginzburg-Landau theory that was developed to describe them. This approach will then be applied to magnetic and ferroelectric phase transitions with specific links to observed quantities.   We'll end the course with discussion of novel insulators that are of current research interest.  Throughout the course we'll emphasize the assumptions of the models involved with frequent comparison with relevant experiment; we will discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches presented and will link, whenever possible, to current scientific literature.

Course Texbooks:   S.H. Simon, Solid State Basics,  (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2013)
                                 M.P. Marder, Condensed Matter Physics, (John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, 2010)


Syllabus


Week of
Wednesday
Friday
Sept. 5


Introduction/Overview

Whatever Happened to Solid State Physics?
(Hopfield)


Why I Haven't Retired
 (Geballe)




Early Solid State Physics:  Specific Heat of Solids




Sept. 12


Early Solid State Physics:  Drude Theory of Metals

Homework 1
(due W 9/21/16)

HW 1 Solutions

HW1 Problem 7 Extra Notes





Drude and Sommerfeld Theories of Metals



Sept. 19


Free Electron Theory

Homework 2
(due W 9/28/16)

A Fermi Gas of Atoms
(Jin)

Deborah Jin (1968-2016)

HW 2 Solutions






Free Electron Theory





Sept. 26

Geometry of Solids

Homework 3
(due F 10/7/16)

Impossible Crystals
(Von Baeyer)


Quasicrystalline Materials
(Goldman et al.)


Icosohedral Solids:  A New Phase Of Matter
(Steinhardt)


Decagonal and Quasicrystalline TIlings
in Medieval Islamic Architecture
(Lu and Steinhardt)


HW 3 Solutions




Geometry of Solids



Oct. 3


Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction





Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction

Homework 4
(due W 10/19/16)

Improving the Density of Jammed Disordered
Packings Using Ellipsoids

(Doneev et al.)

Diffract, then Destroy
(Ball)

The Revolution Will Not be Crystallized
(Callaway)

HW 4 Solutions

Oct. 10

Neutrons and X-Ray Diffraction

Make-Up Class M 10/10
4:45 - 6:10
ARC 204


Neutrons and X-Ray Diffraction
(W 10/12)

(No Class on F 10/14)
Oct. 17

Lattice Vibrations and Phonons

Homework 5

Observed Effect of a Changing Step-Edge
Denstiy on Thin-Film Growth Dynamics
(Fleet et al.)


HW5 Solutions




Lattice Vibrations and Phonons


Oct. 24


Lattice Vibrations and Phonons

               
                               
             How to Measure Dispersions with
                        Inelastic Scattering
                

                     

                                                 


Oct. 31`


Inelastic Neutron Scattering and Correlations




Midterm

Midterm Solutions


Nov. 7


Electronic Structure:  Metals and Insulators

Homework 6
(due 11/21/16)

Kittel Chapter 7
Photonic Crystals:  Semiconductors of Light
(E. Yablonovitch)


HW 6 Solutions




Electronic Structure:  Metals and Insulators
Nov. 14


  Electronic Structure:  Metals and Insulators





Semiconductors





Nov. 21


Semiconductors Continued

Homework 7
(due 12/2/16)

Carbon Nanotubes and Photonics (Avouris)
Nanomaterials in Transistors (A. Franklin)
End-Bonded Contacts for Carbon Nanotube Transistors
(Can et al.)


HW 7 Solutions

Make-Up Class  M 11/21
4:45 - 6:10 p.m.
ARC 204








  PN Junctions


Nov. 28


The Transistor and Moore's Law 


Introduction to Superconductivity 

Homework 8
(due 12/14/16)

High-Temperature Superconductivity in
the Iron Pnictides  (M. Norman)
The Birth of Topological Insulators (J. Moore)
New Directions in Science and Technology:  Two-Dimensional Crystals 
(A. H. Castro Neto and K. Novoselov)


HW 8 Solutions

Dec. 5

No Class Dec. 7th

(Make-Up M 11/21)




More about Superconductors
Review for the Final



Dec. 12

Superconductivity and the Anderson-Higgs Boson




Plasmons, Gauge Invariance and Mass
(Anderson)


Phil Anderson and Gauge Symmetry Breaking
(Witten)





Dec. 12



Final

Friday Dec. 16th

ARC 205

2:00 - 5:00 p.m.

Final Solutions







 


          



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